Conflict is the common denominator for Somali civil society. Many Somalis are dispersed as Diaspora or refugees. Young people in Somalia have no experience of nor interaction with the state and its institutions as conceived in a democratic society.
What civil society?
I sometimes wonder if there is a civil society in Somalia – a society which is civic by nature and has a deep patriotic feeling for the motherland. What happened? Why have they melted away when it was time to stand by their commitments as genuine civil society organizations?
Contestation for power and resources between sets of war-lords within the country on one hand and international ‘outlaws’ on the other has heightening insecurity, environmental degradation and poverty lowering the life expectancy levels for the populations.
In the implementation of the roadmap, the UN-backed Transitional Federal Government (TFG) have sought to legitimize its power by consulting different groups within society:
- Religious leaders
- Clan elders
- Business community
- Youth groups
- Women groups
- Transitional Federal Institutions (TFI)
- Puntland and Galmadug administrations (regional governments)
- Ahlu Sunnah Wal Jama’s (ASWJ).
- Reconciliation and good governance
- Financial support to implement security programmes
- respecting the timeframe set for Roadmap’s completion
- Establishing a Constituent Assembly to provisionally endorse Constitution
- Supporting efforts to reform Parliament
- Establishing Reconciliation Committees and conferences
- Enacting anti-corruption legislation